Canadian Genealogy Records Online
All of Canada


Digging Your
Canadian Roots

Library and Archives Canada : Collection Search

New France Archives : website and search engine jointly developed by Library and Archives Canada, Archives nationales de France, Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec, and Archives nationales d'outre-mer (France).

Canadian Deaths 1878-1886. Abstracted from The Dominion Annual Register and Review. Mainly obituaries of prominent citizens (nationally and locally), accidental deaths, suicides, murders, executions, and deaths from longevity.

Canada Gen Web's Cemetery Project. A free and searchable listing of thousands of known Canadian cemeteries.

Canada Deaths and Burials, 1664-1955 ( : Name index to death and burial records from Canada. This set contains over 100,000 records.

Upper and Lower Canada Marriage Bonds.

Canadian Directories : Search a large selection of pre-1902 volumes.

From Canada to Massachusetts : Misc. Marriages 1841-1850. Born in Canada, married in Massachusetts.

Births, Marriages and Deaths recorded in Canada. Library and Archives Canada holds a small collection of church records, some of which are indexed by name. The database includes marriages from Ontario (United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry, and Leeds County), from three parish registers of the Red River area of Manitoba, and from the Yukon.

Table of Common Surname Variations & Surname Misspellings (archived website : may be incomplete, unavailable or slow to respond). These tables contain more than 10,500 surname variations and misspellings that inGeneas researchers have encountered. inGeneas specialises in Canadian passenger and immigration records.

Canada : Métis Scrip Records : Affidavits and Applications. These documents provide information of interest to genealogists, such as the name of the claimant, his/her date of birth, parents' names, parish affiliation, affidavit number, and claim number.

Canada : Orders-in-Council. This tool provides access to Orders-in-Council from 1867 to 1924. Generally, Orders-in-Council refer to appointments of Deputy Ministers and other government officials, transactions between Government and private sectors, commutations of death sentences, etc.

Early Canadiana Online: A full text online collection of more than 3,000 books and pamphlets documenting Canadian history from the first European contact to the late 19th century. The collection is particularly strong in literature, women's history, native studies, travel and exploration, and the history of French Canada.

Canada Death Penalty Index (archived website). The aim of this site is to list all persons executed in Canada. Names of most persons executed under Canadian jurisdiction between 1867 and 1962 plus many others before Confederation have been found.

Persons sentenced to death in Canada 1867-1976. An inventory of case files in the Fonds of the Department of Justice.

Divorce in Canada (1841-1968). This database contains 12732 references to acts published in official publications of the Government of Canada between 1841 and 1968.

North West Mounted Police (Canada) - Personnel Records, 1873-1904. Researchers will find the files of the men of the North West Mounted Police (NWMP) a rich source of information for studies of the police and their responsibilities, for the evolution and development of western Canada and the Yukon, and for family history and genealogy. These files provide us with unparalleled insight into the lives of more than 4,000 men who served with the NWMP.

Record of Accidental Deaths, Suicides & C. 1886, Canada. From - The Dominion Annual Register For the Twentieth Year of the Canadian Union, 1886. Edited by Harry James Morgan.

Surnames from the Ships and Seafarers of Atlantic Canada CD, 1787-1936. More than 63,000 surnames and company names that appear in the Ships and Seafarers CD database, initially compiled from crew agreements and other shipping records primarily for vessels registered in Atlantic Canada. This is a surname index only.

Canadian Post Offices and Postmasters : The Post Offices database documents changes of postmasters at individual post offices located across Canada. The data relate to open and closed post offices located in the ten provinces and territories.

Western Canada Land Grants (1870-1930) : Letters Patent issued by the Lands Patent Branch of the Department of the Interior. The records refer to grants issued in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the railway belt of British Columbia, c. 1870-1930.

Railway Employees Provident Fund (Canada). The provident fund for retirees of the Intercolonial and Prince Edward Island Railway was established in 1907. This research tool provides access to 21,710 references to people who received allowances, including Black Porters.

Obituary Index Canada. Index to several hundred obituaries of people born in Canada. Mainly 1998-2005.

Legal Correspondents of Wilber Mercantile Agency in Canada, 1917

Mennonitische Rundschau Obituaries Index: 1930-2001. The Mennonitische Rundschau is the oldest Mennonite periodical still published. It is currently the official German periodical of Canadian Mennonite Brethren Conference and is in its 125th year.

Mennonite Brethren Herald Obituaries 1961-2010. A publication of the Canadian Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches.

Mennonite Archives : Obituaries 1864-current. Obituaries from the Herald of Truth (1864-1908), the Gospel Witness (1905-1908), the Gospel Herald (1908-1998), The Mennonite (1998-current), and the Mennonite Weekly Review (1897-current), and more.

Lost at Sea. Alphabetical lists of names of those Lost At Sea - listed by province, state or country. Mainly Atlantic Canada, but also several US East Coast and other countries fishermen and mariners who were lost at sea.

Double Names from Collet’s Index. Many early French settlers used double surnames, usually separated by the word dit. First published in the 1973 St. Louis Genealogical Society Quarterly, volume 6, number 1, pages 5–9.

Selected marriages for the year 1886, Canada From The Dominion Annual Register For the Twentieth Year of the Canadian Union, 1886. Edited by Harry James Morgan.

Anglicized French Surnames (archived website). French Canadian emigrants sometimes changed their surname in the US.

Canadian Health Obituaries Index 1833-2000 : The Osler Library of the History of Medicine at McGill University in Montreal has, for many years, maintained an "obituary file" of Canadian medical obituaries and death notices. The file has been converted to allow web access and now contains listings for obituaries and notices of death which appeared in over 25 medical periodicals.

Canadian Privateer Name Search (archived website : may be incomplete, unavailable or slow to respond). Privateers were privately owned warships. This list allows you to search for people involved in privateering, either as crew, owners or agents. For each person, you will find their position, their privateer ship and a year. At the moment it concentrates on privateers for the period 1793 to 1805, and War of 1812 privateers.

Directory of the Grand Orange Lodge of British America for 1891 (archived website : may be incomplete, unavailable or slow to respond).

French-Canadian Newspapers: An Essential Historical Source (1808-1919). Selected French-language newspapers from across Canada, in a digitized, fully-searchable format. These newspapers form the Library and Archives Canada collection of first, final and special editions of French-Canadian newspapers.

Genealogical Heritage : From Europe to New France by way of England’s North American colonies and British rule in Canada to the present. Of historical interest, this database amalgamates amongst many others the lineages of Acadia Governor Charles de Saint-Étienne de La Tour, Baron Jean-Vincent d’Abbadie de Saint-Castin, Mathieu Le Neuf du Hérisson, François de Billy, Louis d’Amours, Antoinette de Longueval, Catherine de Baillon, Hugues du Pont, Antoine d'Ailleboust, Florimond de Biencourt, Philippe Mius d'Entremont with those of the Hilton family (founders of Dover in New Hampshire) whose feudal aristocratic ancestries include most medieval Royal Houses.

  • Biographies

    Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Dictionary of Canadian Biography, whose first volume appeared in 1966, is a joint project of the University of Toronto and the Université Laval and presents the work of researchers and writers in many fields from across Canada and around the world.

    A cyclopædia of Canadian biography. Brief biographies of persons distinguished in the professional, military and political life and the commerce and industry of Canada, in the twentieth century. Free online edition of this book by Hector W. Charlesworth published in 1919.

    Dictionnaire historique des canadiens et des métis français de l'ouest. Historical dictionary of the French Canadians and Métis in the West published in 1912. A valuable biography of French and Métis connected with the fur trade. Full text available online, browse or search.

    Répertoire général du clergé canadien. A biographical directory of Catholic clergy in Canada by genealogist Cyprien Tanguay. Covers all the priests who served from the origins of New France to 1860. Entries are in chronological order but an index is provided at the end of the volume. Date of birth and names of parents of each individual are usually given.

  • Census Records

    Canada Census Index, 1851 (

    Census of 1851 Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.

    Census of Canada, 1861

    Census of Canada, 1871

    Canada Census, 1871 (

    Census of Canada, 1881

    Canada Census Index, 1881 (

    Census of Canada, 1891. Through this research tool, you can access digitized images of original census returns which list the name, age, country or province of birth, nationality, religion, and occupation of Canada's residents at the time of the 1891 Census.

    Canada Census Index, 1891 (

    Census of Canada, 1901 : Digitized images of the original census returns, which record age, nationality, religion, profession, income, education, etc for every single resident of Canada on 31 March 1901.

    Index to the 1901 Census of Canada.

    Census of Canada, 1911. This database of 1911 census data allows researchers to search by geographic location only.

    Index to the 1911 Census of Canada

  • Immigration

    Passenger Lists of Ships to Canada are listed on a separate page.

    1915-1951 Canadian Naturalization. The Canadian naturalization databases contain references people who applied for and received status as naturalized Canadians from 1915 to 1951. The first set covers the years 1915 to 1939 and is searchable by name. The second set covers the years 1939 to 1951 and contains the digital images of the lists published in the Canada Gazette during those years. It is searchable by date.

    Immigrants from China. The Government of Canada created documents specifically for new arrivals from China. This research tool provides access to 98,361 references to Chinese immigrants who arrived in Canada between 1885 and 1949.

    Immigrants from the Russian Empire (LI-RA-MA). The Likacheff-Ragosine-Mathers collection (LI-RA-MA) contains documents created between 1898 and 1922 by the consular offices of the Russian Empire in Canada. The series on passports and identity papers is comprised of about 11,400 files on Jewish, Ukrainian and Finnish immigrants who came to Canada from the Russian Empire. The series includes passport applications and questionnaires containing general information.

    Canadian Mennonite Board of Colonization (CMBoC) Data Extraction Project. Between 1923 and 1930 almost 6,000 Mennonite households (20,201 individuals) pulled up their roots from the USSR and managed to emigrate to Canada.

  • Military

    The Books of Remembrance: The Books of Remembrance contain the names of Canadians who fought in wars and died either during or after them. All the books are kept in the Memorial Chamber located in the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill, and are also displayed on the Internet

    Canadian Virtual War Memorial. This site contains a registry of information about the graves and memorials of more than 116,000 Canadians and Newfoundlanders who served valiantly and gave their lives for their country.

    The Canadian Letters and Images Project. The Canadian Letters and Images Project is an online archive of the Canadian war experience, from any war, as told through the letters and images of Canadians themselves.

    Legion Magazine - Last Post (Canada). Death notices of about 200,000 Royal Canadian Legion members with military backgrounds, Canadian war veterans and Legion members with police service.

    Honours and Awards to Canadian Air Forces Personnel

    • Boer War

      Canadian Soldiers of the South African War. This research tool brings together three groups of records pertaining to the South African War: the service files, medal registers and land grant applications.

  • Genealogy databases by Province:

    Alberta - British Columbia - Manitoba - New Brunswick - Newfoundland & Labrador - Nova Scotia - Ontario - Prince Edward Island - Quebec - Saskatchewan - Northwest Territories - Nunavut - Yukon

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